What is Bladder Cancer?
The most common type of bladder cancer is transitional cell carcinoma, which begins in cells that line the inside of the bladder. Urothelial carcinoma is a form of bladder cancer in which cells are able to change shape and stretch when the bladder is full. Other types of bladder cancer include squamous cell carcinoma (cancer that begins in thin, flat cells lining the bladder) and adenocarcinoma (cancer that begins in cells that make and release mucus and other fluids). Bladder cancer is often diagnosed at an early stage, when the cancer is easier to treat.
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What causes Bladder Cancer?
Smoking, radiation, infection, toxic chemicals are all risk factors for developing Bladder cancer.
What are the symptoms of Bladder Cancer?
The most common sign of bladder cancer is blood in the urine. Sometimes, a patient may experience pain when urinating.
How is Bladder Cancer diagnosed?
Urinalysis - This is a simple test performed in the office to determine if there is blood in the urine, which can be a sign of bladder cancer.
Urovysion and Cytology - These urine tests may be ordered by Dr. Steinberg. You will be given a kit to collect a urine specimen at home every morning for three days. The cells shed by the bladder in the urine are then read by a pathologist to look for abnormalities.
Cystoscopy - This simple procedure is performed in the office where a small telescope is inserted into the urethra to inspect the inside of the bladder. There is no preparation necessary for the procedure, which is performed under local anesthesia. Results are immediately known.
Blue Light Cystoscopy - This revolutionary new procedure is performed by Dr. Steinberg at Milford Regional Medical Center under anesthesia in order to detect otherwise “hidden” bladder cancer. A special dye called “Cysview” is first instilled into the bladder and a special telescope is used to examine the bladder. Hidden tumors will fluoresce with a pink color and are easily identified for removal.