Urology Specialists of Milford, LLC Blog
January 26, 2021
Tags: Nephrolithiasis  

Hint: it’s just a scientific way of saying that you have kidney stones!

Anyone who has ever had to deal with kidney stones knows pain! Unfortunately, about 1 in 11 people in the US will deal with nephrolithiasis during their lifetime. While this solid deposit made from salt and other minerals may pass through the urinary tract on its own, sometimes you’ll need to turn to our Milford, MA, urologist Dr. Jeffrey Steinberg right away for treatment.

How do I know that I’m dealing with kidney stones?

Some of the warning signs that you might have a kidney stone include,

  • Lower abdominal pain that may radiate to the groin
  • Severe pain in the back or sides
  • Pain that comes and goes
  • Burning or pain when urinating
  • Blood in the urine (this requires urgent medical attention)
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Nausea and vomiting

The only way to truly know whether you’re dealing with nephrolithiasis is to have our urologists perform urine and imaging tests to detect stones.

What causes kidney stones?

Certain risk factors can leave you prone to dealing with kidney stones. Some of these risk factors include,

  • Being obese
  • Not drinking enough water
  • A family history of kidney stones
  • A high-protein diet, or a diet high in salt and sugar
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Undergoing digestive surgery
  • Certain medical conditions such as hyperparathyroidism or recurring UTIs
  • Certain medications (e.g. laxative; calcium-based antacids)

How are kidney stones treated?

Like we said earlier, small stones may pass without needing to see a doctor. Make sure you are drinking enough water during this time. If you’re experiencing any pain or discomfort, an over-the-counter pain reliever can help.

However, larger stones may not be able to pass on their own. To prevent kidney damage or bleeding, you will want to turn to a urologist for treatment. One of the most common ways to treat kidney stones is with shockwave therapy, which breaks up the stones so they are easier to pass. If you are dealing with very large stones, surgery may be necessary.

If you are experiencing symptoms of nephrolithiasis here in Milford, MA, you must see a urologist as soon as possible. The team at Urology Specialists of Milford can provide you with the treatment and care you need when kidney stones occur. Call us today at (508) 473-6333.

December 31, 2020
Category: General
Tags: Prostate Cancer  

Find out more about prostate cancer, its symptoms, and ways to protect yourself.


The prostate is a small gland that’s only found in the male reproductive system. Its most important function is to produce prostate fluid, which is one key component of semen. Unfortunately, prostate cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer in men along with skin cancer and the second leading cause of death in American men. From the office of our Milford, MA, urologist Dr. Jeffrey Steinberg, here’s what you should know about prostate cancer.


What are the warning signs and symptoms of prostate cancer?

Like most forms of cancer, prostate cancer won’t cause symptoms during the very early stages. As cancer progresses men may start to experience,


  • A burning sensation or sudden urgency when urinating
  • Difficulty starting or completing urination
  • Urinary leakage
  • Difficulty having or maintaining an erection
  • Pain with ejaculation
  • Rectal pain or pressure
  • Blood in the urine
  • Pain in the lower back or hips


Of course, there are many reasons why a man may experience these symptoms, so when you come into our Milford, MA, office, our urologist will ask you a series of questions and then provide the appropriate tests to determine what could be causing your symptoms.


What are the risk factors for prostate cancer?

It’s important to know your risk factors for prostate cancer so you can talk to your urologist about ways to protect your health. Risk factors include,


  • Age: the majority of men diagnosed with prostate cancer are over 65 years old
  • Ethnicity: being African American or Caribbean also puts you at an elevated risk
  • Family history of prostate cancer: this can more than double your risk for developing prostate cancer


It still isn’t clear whether factors such as chemical exposure, diet, or obesity may play a role in whether men are more likely to develop prostate cancer during their lifetime.


Is there a way to prevent prostate cancer?

While there is no effective strategy that can fully prevent you from developing prostate cancer, you must be doing your part to lead a healthy lifestyle, which includes regular exercise, eating well, and limiting alcohol. If you are a man between the ages of 55 and 69, you must talk with your urologist about getting screened for prostate cancer every year.


If you are concerned about your prostate health, it’s never too soon to start talking with our Milford, MA, urologist about ways to stay healthy and protect against prostate cancer. If you have questions or concerns, call Urology Specialists of Milford today at (508) 473-6333.

November 19, 2020
Tags: Kidney Stones  

How your urologist in Milford, MA, can help if you have kidney stones

Kidney stones can be excruciating. They can make it difficult to think about anything else. Fortunately, your urologist can help you get relief from kidney stone pain. Dr. Jeffrey Steinberg at Urology Specialists of Milford, in Milford, MA, offers comprehensive medical care for urological conditions, including treatment for kidney stones.

There are a few factors that can put you at greater risk of developing kidney stones. For example, men are much more likely to get kidney stones than women. Other risk factors include:

  • A history of previous kidney stones
  • A family history of kidney stones
  • Not staying hydrated by drinking enough water
  • Eating a high protein, high sodium, or high sugar diet
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Having had intestinal or gastric bypass surgery
  • Having cystic or polycystic kidney disease
  • Taking diuretics or calcium-based antacid medications
  • Having a condition causing swelling or irritation of your joints or bowel
  • Having a condition which causes high levels of cystine, uric acid, calcium, or oxalate in your urine

Kidney stones are small masses caused by minerals and other substances combining in your urine. Sometimes these small masses will pass out of your body through your urine stream without causing any signs or symptoms. Other times, a kidney stone may be large enough to stay in your body, causing noticeable signs and symptoms like these:

  • Blood in your urine or pain when you urinate
  • A feeling of needing to urinate frequently
  • Back, side, or abdominal pain
  • Vomiting, nausea, and a fever

If you have large, painful kidney stones, Dr. Steinberg can help. A very successful kidney stone treatment he may recommend is Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy, also known as ESWL. The treatment works by using shock waves which break the kidney stone into smaller pieces, which then pass through your urine stream.

ESWL is non-invasive and has been proven safe and effective for the treatment of kidney stones. It is provided on an outpatient basis while you are sedated. The kidney stone pieces typically pass out of your body in a few weeks.

If you think you might have kidney stones, don’t wait! Talk with your urologist. Call Dr. Jeffrey Steinberg of Urology Specialists of Milford, in Milford, MA, at (508) 473-6333. Call now!

July 23, 2020
Tags: Vasectomy  

Vasectomy offers a permanent way to prevent pregnancy. The minor surgical procedure may be a good choice if you're happy with the current size of your family or know that you never want to have children. Your urologist in Milford, MA, Dr. Jeffrey Steinberg of Urology Specialists of Milford, can help you decide if a vasectomy is the right choice for you.

How does a vasectomy prevent pregnancy?

A vasectomy prevents sperm from being ejaculated, or released, through your penis. You'll still produce semen, the white fluid that transports the sperm, but it will no longer contain sperm.

Two types of vasectomy procedures prevent sperm from being ejaculated. During a conventional vasectomy, your urologist makes one or two small cuts in the skin of your scrotum, the sac that holds your testicles. He cuts the vas deferens, the small tube that carries the sperm from the testicle. The cut ends of the vas deferens are tied or closed with heat. The procedure is then performed on the other vas deferens.

The size of the cut is much smaller with a no-scalpel vasectomy. Your urologist uses a microblade to make a tiny hole in your scrotum, then lifts your vas deferens through the hole to cut and seal it.

Where are vasectomies performed?

Most vasectomies are performed in the Milford urology office using local anesthetic. You may notice a little tugging when your doctor cuts the vas deferens, but you won't feel any pain. Before the procedure begins, your scrotum will be shaved. Depending on the procedure used, you may have a few stitches that will dissolve on their own in a few weeks.

Using an ice pack for the first 24 hours after surgery will help control pain and swelling. Mild pain or discomfort that may occur for a few days can be controlled with over-the-counter pain medication.

When can I have sex again?

You'll be able to have sex about a week after your procedure. Keep in mind that you or your partner will need to use birth control until there is no sperm remaining in your semen. In most cases, it will take about three months for this to happen.

Are you considering having a vasectomy? Call your Milford, MA, urologist, Dr. Jeffrey Steinberg of Urology Specialists of Milford, at (508) 473-6333 to schedule an appointment.

July 23, 2020
Tags: Kidney Stones  

Kidney stones are a common urinary tract problem. Characterized by intense flank pain, these salt and mineral combos block ureters, cause infection and really make you sick. At Urology Specialists of Milford, Dr. Jeffrey Steinberg sees many Milford, MA, area patients suffering with renal calculi. He helps them, and he can help you, too.

How kidney stones form

These little rocks occupy the interior of the kidney or the ureter, the narrow-diameter tube between the kidney and bladder. Either situation is extremely uncomfortable with pain in the flank and/or groin. These calcium oxalate stones (the most frequent chemical composition) also cause:

  • Pain on urination
  • Bloody urine
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fever
  • Urinary urgency

If the stones are small enough, the person may pass them with sufficient water intake. Larger stones may lodge in the kidney or ureter, causing the characteristically excruciating pain.

Risk factors

The National Kidney Foundation says that half a million Americans struggle with kidney stones each year. Risk factors may include:

  • Obesity
  • Diets rich in calcium and oxalates (found in nuts, chocolate, pickles and high fructose corn syrup)
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease or Crohn's Disease
  • Dehydration
  • A first degree relative (parent, sibling) with a history of kidney stones

Treating kidney stones

When you visit Urology Specialists of Milford, your urologist will review your symptoms, ask for a urine sample (including a 24-hour urine), order blood work and X-rays, a CT scan or a specialized Intravenous Pyelogram with contrast. With the information garnered, he can set you on a path to wellness with dietary changes, weight management, pain relief and stone removal.

Extracorporeal shock wave therapy, or lithotripsy, is a common and highly effective treatment. While under sedation, the patient receives sound waves that break up the stone into tiny pieces that easily pass through the urethra.

Another treatment is ureteroscopy. Dr. Steinberg uses a thin, lighted scope inserted through the ureter. It has a tiny metal snare that grabs and extracts the stone. Sometimes, a temporary stent keeps the ureter open for a period of time post-operatively.

Preventing kidney stones

Prevention truly is the best medicine. To stop kidney stone formation, stay well-hydrated, lose weight, be physically active and limit salt, calcium- and oxalate-rich foods and animal protein. Ask Dr. Steinberg for recommendations pertinent to your particular type of kidney stones.

Find out more

Optimize your urinary health by seeing Dr. Jeffrey Steinberg of Urology Specialists of Milford at the first sign of a kidney stone. This urologist offers a full range of genito-urinary services. Call us at (508) 473-6333.

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