Urology Specialists of Milford, LLC Blog

Posts for tag: Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are hard crystalized deposits that form as the kidneys produce urine. Kidney stones cause a lot of different types of symptoms, including severe pain that can radiate to other parts of the body like the lower abdomen, groin, lower back, and ribs. Kidney stones can also cause urine to become discolored (red or brown), cloudy, and foul-smelling.

Once kidney stones form, there are a few ways to get rid of them. Drinking a lot of water may help, as well as the use of medications like alpha blockers for larger stones. Ultrasound is sometimes used to break up kidney stones so that they pass through the urinary tract more easily. Depending on the stone size and location, your urologist may recommend surgery to remove the kidney stone.  

A popular and effective way to prevent kidney stones from developing is called the kidney stone diet, which consists of eating foods that help prevent the formation of kidney stones and avoiding foods that increase the chance of them forming. Let’s take a look at what foods to eat and what foods to avoid when on a kidney stone diet.

What to Eat 

Vegetables – Vegetables are a great way to decrease your risk of developing kidney stones. However, some vegetables are better than others. Vegetables that contain oxalates are not good for your kidney stone diet. Stick to vegetables like broccoli, cauliflower, potatoes, carrots, green beans, tomatoes, kale, cabbage, and lettuce. These vegetables do not contain oxalates and can help you decrease the risk of kidney stones.

Citrus Fruits – Citrate, found in citrus fruits, helps block the formation of kidney stones and can help keep you safe from them. Examples of citrus fruits that you should include in your kidney stone diet are oranges, lemons, and grapefruit. 

Dairy Products – Dairy products like milk, cheese, and yogurt are great sources of calcium, which is essential to balancing the oxalates in your diet. Increasing your dairy intake can help reduce the formation of kidney stones.

Salmon – Foods like salmon that are rich in vitamin D are also great for a kidney stone diet. Vitamin D helps absorb calcium better.   

What to Avoid

Foods High in Salt – Salt is detrimental to a kidney stone diet. High sodium can increase the buildup of calcium in the urine, which can lead to kidney stones. A low-sodium diet is essential to avoiding kidney stone formation.

Animal Protein – Eating red meat increases the levels of uric acid in the body, which can increase the chances of kidney stone formation. Additionally, animal proteins also reduce citrate in the body that blocks the formation of kidney stones. To follow the kidney stone diet, consume less animal protein and more plant-based foods. However, be careful in choosing which vegetables to eat because some vegetables contain oxalates such as spinach, chard, and beets.

Sodas – Soft drinks like Coca-Cola, and Pepsi-Cola are high in artificial sugar (fructose, sucrose) and a chemical called phosphate, which promote kidney stones. Make sure to cut them out of your diet.

If you are experiencing kidney stones or another urological health problem, it’s important to consult with a reliable and experienced team of medical professionals. The Urology Specialists of Milford can expertly treat your kidney stones, as well as a host of other urological conditions. Call (508) 473-6333 to make an appointment today.

Kidney stones can develop in your body and you may not even know it – until a stone moves through your kidney or passes into the ureter (the passageway connecting the kidney and bladder) and causes terrible abdominal pain.

Kidney stones are formed by a buildup of concentrated salts, minerals, and other substances in your urine. These minerals can start to crystallize and stick together in large masses; a hardened mass is called a kidney stone. 

A stone can remain in your kidney for some time, and you may not even realize it until it starts to travel out from your kidney and to your ureter or bladder. Your body wants to expel it with your urine, and this can cause excruciating pain. 

Symptoms of Kidney Stones

Sometimes the stones are small enough to cause no symptoms at all – they just pass through with the urine like usual. Other times, you may start to feel pain as a kidney stone travels through the narrow ureter. 

The movement of a stone can also affect your urination patterns, causing the sense of needing to urinate frequently. Some of the signs and symptoms you may experience are:

  • Pain in your sides, lower back, or under the ribs
  • Pain in the lower abdomen and groin area
  • Difficulty or pain during urination
  • Brown, pink, or red urine
  • Cloudy, fishy, or foul-smelling urine
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Frequent urination in small amounts
  • Fever and chills (signs of infection)

 What Type of Doctor Should I See About a Kidney Stone?

If you pass a kidney stone, it’s likely that there are more inside your body. You’ll want to ensure that if you do pass any more stones, that any future ones are passed as painlessly as possible – and also to prevent your body from forming more.

If you are having unexplained abdominal pains, you should visit with a doctor immediately and ask for an analysis. If you do have kidney stones, they will likely recommend that you increase your water intake and to wait for the stones to pass with your urine. If a stone has become lodged, seek medical attention immediately as this may require surgery. 

Diets high in protein and salt can cause more crystal-forming substances to remain in the kidneys. Be sure to stay properly hydrated and maintain a nutritious diet.

A balanced diet and drinking plenty of fluids can reduce your risk of developing kidney stones. If you are not drinking enough water each day, your urine can become more heavily concentrated, creating a perfect environment for stones to develop.

Urologist in Massachusetts

If you’re experiencing lower abdominal pain or difficulty urinating, or if you know from experience that you have kidney stones, visit us at Urology Specialists of Milford. The goal of our practice is to provide the best urologic care and treatment to patients with a variety of urological problems. 

Ivy League-trained urologist and surgeon Dr. Jeffrey Steinberg uses the latest treatment options available. To learn more about kidney stones and kidney health, call the Urology Specialists of Milford at (508) 473-6333 to schedule an appointment, or request an appointment online. We look forward to serving you and helping you achieve and maintain optimum health.

According to the National Kidney Foundation®, more than half a million people visit emergency rooms every year for kidney stone issues. About one in 10 people will experience this uncomfortable condition at some point during their lives.

The urinary system is an advanced network made up of our kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. These components work together to remove wastes such as calcium, phosphates, oxalate, urate, cystine, and xanthine from the body. Considered the system’s master “chemist,” the kidney flushes the unneeded components out of the body for elimination in the urine.

How Do Kidney Stones Develop?

The systems in our body require balance to run smoothly, and our urinary system is no exception. The dangerous combination of too little liquid with too many solids can cause the urine to become concentrated, and the minerals and salts in it can clump together to form kidney stones.

This condition commonly occurs in people with a family history of the problem, those who are dehydrated, people who are obese, those with certain digestive diseases, and people who eat a diet high in protein, sodium, or sugar. The stones can be painful to pass – but they won’t cause any permanent harm if they’re detected early.

Do I Have a Kidney Stone?

For proper diagnosis, an ultrasound test will offer a clear window into the affected area – pinpointing any stones, as well as other possible signs of blockage. 

X-rays and computerized tomography (CT) scans may also be used to determine the size, location, and number of stones. Additionally, your doctor may order blood and urine collections.

How Are Kidney Stones Treated?

Your course of treatment will depend on the size and symptoms of your stone(s). Small stones can be remedied or excreted by increasing your water intake to flush them out, and taking pain relievers and alpha blockers to quell any discomfort and relax the ureter muscles. 

Bigger kidney stones, on the other hand, may require more strategic measures. In these cases, Dr. Steinberg often utilizes Extracorporeal Shockwave Lithotripsy® (ESWL), which is the most widely used treatment for kidney stones in the United States. A nonsurgical technique, ESWL harnesses shockwaves outside the body to break up stones into small fragments, which will be more easily eradicated through urination.

Another procedure Dr. Steinberg performs regularly in his practice is ureteroscopy and laser lithotripsy. With the use of anesthesia, a small, flexible telescope is inserted into the patient, and a tiny laser is used to break up and draw out the kidney stone in tiny fragments. While ureteroscopy is technically considered surgery, it is fairly noninvasive since it requires no incisions. 

People with irregularly shaped kidneys, or difficult-to-reach stones, may require percutaneous kidney stone surgery. In this procedure, tiny telescopes and a small incision in the patient’s back are used to detect and remove the problematic stones.

Who Can Help with My Kidney Stones?

The Kidney Stone Center at Urology Specialists of Milford offers comprehensive care, including diagnosis, treatment, and preventive methods for those affected by this painful issue. Dr. Jeffrey Steinberg will utilize a variety of diagnostics right in the comfort of his office. Dr. Steinberg even offers the use of a convenient Litholink™ at-home urine collection kit to save you time and trouble.

No matter how dire your situation is, Dr. Steinberg will treat you with the utmost respect and care. Many kidney stone treatments offered today are quick and seamless, so there’s no need to suffer.

For more information, or to schedule an appointment with Urology Specialists of Milford, call our office today at (508) 473-6333 or request an appointment here. We look forward to serving you and helping you feel as good as new again.

Kidney stones are hard deposits made up of minerals and salts that may form when urine is produced by the kidneys. The stones can cause a lot of pain, changes in urinary patterns, and other unpleasant symptoms. There are a variety of ways to get rid of kidney stones ranging from medications to surgery – and there are many things you can do to prevent kidney stones from developing.

Kidney stones are created when there are too many crystal-forming minerals in the urine than there is fluid to dilute them. A variety of factors can increase your chances of developing kidney stones. There isn’t a single cause but rather many factors that play a role in kidney stone formation. 

Are Kidney Stones Preventable?

While it is impossible to completely prevent kidney stones from ever developing, there are many things you can do to significantly reduce your risk. Here are some tips on how to prevent kidney stones from developing: 

  • Stay Hydrated – Drinking water is a great way to flush out the bladder and prevent kidney stones from forming. When there is less fluid in your urine, it becomes more concentrated, which can foster the development of kidney stones. Adequate hydration should leave your urine pale yellow; if it’s dark in color, you’ll want to drink more water. 
  • Eat Calcium, Oxalate-Rich Foods Together - To help prevent kidney stones, make sure to include adequate calcium in your diet. Even better, try to consume calcium and oxalate-rich foods – like peanuts, spinach, beets, sweet potatoes, and chocolate – together to increase the opportunity for them to bind together in the stomach and intestines before the kidneys even begin processing. If they bind later, when the kidneys are producing urine, that’s when kidney stones may form.
  • Enjoy Citrus – Lemons, oranges, and other natural sources of citrate appear to inhibit kidney stone formation.
  • Reduce Sodium Intake – Salt increases the chances of kidney stone formation because it increases the amount of calcium in the urine, increasing the chance of kidney stone formation. To help prevent kidney stones, eat a low-sodium diet.
  • Avoid Junk Foods – Junk foods are often high in chemicals like sucrose, fructose, and phosphate. These chemicals increase the chances of kidney stone formation. Avoiding junk foods that contain these chemicals can reduce your chances of developing kidney stones.
  • Maintain a Healthy Weight – A healthy body mass index can help reduce your chances of kidney stones. Obesity is linked to a higher risk of kidney stones and if you want to reduce your risk, you should look into losing some weight.

If you are experiencing kidney stones or another urological health problem, it’s important to have a reliable and experienced team of medical professionals by your side. The Urology Specialists of Milford are experts in treating a variety of urological conditions including kidney stones. Call (508) 473-6333 to make an appointment today.

Kidney stones can develop in your body and cause no symptoms – until a stone moves through your kidney or passes into the ureter connecting the kidney and bladder. 

What are kidney stones and what are they made of? Well, they most commonly build up when your urine becomes far too concentrated. In this case, salts, minerals, and other substances – such as oxalate, calcium, and uric acid – in your urine will start to crystalize and stick together in large clumps. This can also occur if your urine is missing the substances the prevent this clumping.

The stones may stay within your kidney for awhile and you may not even notice that they exist until they start to travel from your kidney to your bladder via your ureter.

There are a variety of factors that may increase your risk of developing kidney stones. For example, if a family member, especially a direct relative like a parent or sibling, has had kidney stones, you may be more likely to develop them yourself. 

Staying properly hydrated and eating a balanced, nutritious diet are important to reduce your risk of developing kidney stones. If you are not drinking enough water each day, your urine can become more heavily concentrated, creating a perfect environment for stones to develop. If your diet is high in protein and salt, that could mean more crystal-forming substances remain in the kidneys than can be diluted. 

At some point after kidney stones form, they start making their way through the kidney, ureter, bladder, and ultimately are expelled with urine. Sometimes they are small enough to cause no symptoms at all. Other times, you may start to feel them as they travel through the narrow ureter, which is when the pain can start to ramp up. Symptoms range from severe pain at your sides, near your kidneys and lower back. The pain can also radiate to your groin and lower abdomen areas. The movement of a stone can also affect your urination patterns, causing either frequent urination or the sense of needing to urinate frequently.  You may even feel nausea or other flu-like symptoms.

Your doctor will most likely advise you to drink plenty of fluids and to wait for the stones to pass with your urine. Seek medical attention immediately if you believe a stone may have become lodged in a particular area as this may require surgery.

If you experience fever, chills, or discover blood in your urine while passing a kidney stone, speak to a medical professional as soon as possible. To learn more about kidney stones and get the medical attention you need, call Urology Specialists of

Milford at (508) 473-6333 or request an appointment online.