What is Nephrolithiasis?
Nephrolithiasis: What is it and Why You Need Help Sooner Rather Than Later
You may not know the term nephrolithiasis, but you likely have heard of kidney stones. Unpleasant and sometimes excruciatingly painful, kidney stones don't have to negatively affect your life. At Urology Specialists of Milford, our specialists have the expertise to help you live your healthiest life. Here's what you should know about nephrolithiasis, and how to get the best help available.
What is nephrolithiasis?
Nephrolithiasis is the term for developing a kidney stone. Kidney stones, which form when minerals, usually forms of calcium, in your urine clump together, can develop quickly and cause pain in your abdominal or groin region. You may experience blood in your urine stream, nausea, vomiting or feel the need to urinate more frequently. A burning sensation when you urinate can also indicate kidney stones.
What causes kidney stones?
Many adults will suffer from kidney stones in their lives, but some hereditary and lifestyle factors can increase your risk of developing kidney stones. High protein diets such as Atkins, dehydration, conditions such as Crohn's disease or gout, a family history of kidney stones or obesity can contribute to kidney stones.
Prevention and treatment:
Most kidney stones pass relatively quickly and some are completely painless. But if your kidney stones are causing you discomfort it is important to consult a doctor.
If your kidney stones are relatively small, you may be able to pass them and prevent more from developing by staying well hydrated. Your doctor may ask you to collect one of your kidney stones for analysis, or they will analyze your urine.
You might need an ultrasound or CT scan of your abdomen to determine if you have kidney stones, and follow up x-rays can show if you are still suffering from them after treatment.
If your kidney stones require medical intervention, possible procedures include a form of shock wave therapy or Ureteroscopy and Laser Lithotripsy, which will break down large stones and allow them to pass comfortably.